Wild Life: Elizabeth Murray & Jessi Reaves brings together the work of Elizabeth Murray (1940—2007) and New York-based sculptor Jessi Reaves (b. 1986). Although Murray and Reaves are generations apart, the exhibition highlights each artist’s simultaneously lyrical, playful, and rigorous engagement with the decorative, domestic, and bodily.
Works by Murray spanning the 1960s to the 2000s are presented alongside a selection of Reaves’s sculptural assemblages of the last seven years, including her signature ottomans. In their raucous questioning of so-called “good taste,” Murray and Reaves each elevate and emphasize the aesthetic value of the “detail”—historically associated with the ornamental, domestic, and everyday, and thus the feminine—only to violently unsettle and explode such “bad objects.”
Murray is best known for her monumental, fractured canvases depicting cartoonish, domestic scenes and still lifes. Her earliest works from the late 1960s—in particular, a series of small paintings of the Empire State Building featuring tromp l’oeil borders of rippling fabrics or leafy vines— reflect the influences of Surrealism and Pop, as well as the work of peers now associated with the Hairy Who and Bay Area Funk movements. Murray would soon turn to a reduced visual language of gestural and geometric abstraction. Yet, she never entirely abandoned representational imagery, nor was the domestic sphere far from the artist’s mind. Over time, Murray’s shapes expanded beyond the surface of her compositions to form the frame. In 1980, the canvases—now massive in scale—cracked open into multi-paneled paintings depicting splintering cups, kitchen tables, and fragmented body parts, eventually leading to Murray’s signature, monumental constructions of overlapping and interpenetrating shaped canvases.
Despite the significant critical reception Murray received during her lifetime, her work remains an outlier of sorts—avoiding easy categorization and resisting affiliation with a singular historical movement or style. Additionally her influence on recent generations of artists, and her significant impact on broader conversations regarding the daily and domestic in art remain under-examined. Positioning the two artists’ work together both reveals Murray’s lasting influence and historically contextualizes Reaves.
Reaves’s eccentric, garish, and surreal sculptures made of ripped, recombined, and reupholstered amalgamations of couches and chairs—often by noted modernist designers such as Marcel Breuer and Isamu Noguchi—extend Murray’s own cartoonish plays into three dimensions. Sumptuous and grotesque in equal measure, Reaves’s work both literally and figuratively performs a process of undoing, a laying bare, or laying to waste, of the modernist ideal of form following function. Her often-discomfiting assemblages occupy a space between sculpture and furniture, as they puzzle out and defy a history in which ornament (or craft)—traditionally associated, and pejoratively so, with “women’s work”—and modernist design are assumed irreconcilable. Reaves, like Murray, irreverently plays with color and form, high and low cultural references, and notions of masculinity and femininity. In each artist’s work, we find a refusal of rigid categorizations and, instead, an embrace of the nuanced and often ambiguous conceptions of the body and the home, wherein both body and home are continuously coming together and falling apart.
Wild Life: Elizabeth Murray & Jessi Reaves is organized by Contemporary Arts Museum Houston (CAMH) and curated by Rebecca Matalon, CAMH curator. Carnegie Museum of Art’s presentation is organized by Eric Crosby, Henry J. Heinz II Director, with Kiki Teshome, Margaret Powell Curatorial Fellow, and Hannah Turpin, curatorial assistant for modern and contemporary art and photography.